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Daily Archives: 20.07.2019

Tekhnika dar nimai duyumi asri XIX — avvali asri XX

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Dar IMA solhoi 60-70-um dar korkardi gusht, ordkunii galla va madanistehsolkuni konveyer istifoda burda shud. In tarzi istehsol dar zavodhoi Ford dar solhoi 1912 – 1913 takmil doda shud. Konveyer sifati mahsulotro behtar, miqdori onro ziyod va protsessi istehsolotro qulay gardonid. Nerui barq sol to sol dar sanoat va naqliyot …

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Ilmi Biologiya dar nimai duyumi asri XIX — avvali asri XX

Biologiya. Dar in ilm inkishofn nazariyai evolyutsioni idoma yoft. Soli 1871 asari CHarlz Darvin “Paydoishn odam” az chop baromad. Az in peshtar u nazariyai inkishofro kor karda baromada, dar in bora asar navisht. Darvin dar asosi tahlili yak qator ilmho dar borai az maymunhoi odamshakl paydo shudani odam fikr bayon …

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ADABIYOT dar asrhoi XIX-XX

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Adabiyot. Rafti taraqqiyoti iqtisodii mamlakathoi sarmoyadori, siyosati istilogaronai mamlakathoi imperialisti, norozigii ahli taraqqikhohi-jamoatchigii demokratii jahon az in siyosat ba mazmunu mundarija va samthoi inkishofi adabiyot tasir rasondand. Zarurat ba miyon omad, ki dar sharoiti digar ba hayot ba tarzi nav nigarista, onro voqebinonatar inikos namoyand. Adibon rohhoi dar asarhoi khud …

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Adabiyoti realisti

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Adiboni realistii nimai duyumi asri XIX – avvali asri XX kambudihoi jomearo notarsona fosh mekardand. YAke az mashhurtarin navisandagoni realisti on zamon fransavi Emil Zolya bud. U dar romanhoi bistjildai khud, ki nomi umumii “Rugon-Makker” (Tarikhi tabii va ijtimoii yak oila dar solhoi Imperiyai duyum)-ro giriftaand, hayoti hamai tabaqahoi jomeai …

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Realizmi sotsialisti

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In jarayon ba harakati korgari va paydoishi idelogiyai sotsialisti aloqamand ast. On asosan az Kommunai Parij ogoz yoftaast. SHoiri kommunar Ejen Pote, ki shakhsan dar barrikadaho bar ziddi versalchiyon mejangid, sheri mashhuri khud “Internasional”-ro navisht, ki on badtar surudi kommuniston gardid. Dar qatori E. Pote shoironi digari Kommunai Parij – …

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