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Daily Archives: 15.06.2019

VULQON CHIST?

vulqon

VULQONHO Harorati on to + 1500°S merasad, dar sathi zamin 900-1200°S tashkil mequnad va ohista ohista khunuk meshavad. Naqshai tarkibi vulqon khele sodda ast. Asositarin qismathoi vulqon az kura, dahana va tanura iborat meyoband. Qura joest, ki dar on magmai ziyod shakl megi­rad. In magma ba bolo tavassuti dahana harakat …

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SOHTORI DOHILI VA QABATHOI ZAMIN

qa

Tarkibi dokhilii Zamin az moddahoi gazi, moe va sakht iborat yofta, se qabatro tashkil mekunad: litosfera, mantiya va hasta (yadro) (rasm  29). In qabatho bo tarkibi moddi va khususiyotashon az ham farq mekunand. Tahqiqoti Za­min dushvorihoi ziyod dorad. Ammo olimon dar holi hozir bo kandani chohho ba chuqurii 10 km …

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SOHTORI LITOSFERA

litosfera

Dar paragrafi peshina mo qayd kardem, ki litosfera (az kalimai yunonii lithos – sang va sphaira – kurra) qabati sakhti az qishri zamin va mantiyai boloi iboratbuda meboshad. Dar in paragraf boshad, mo ba qishri zamin va sokhti on, hamchun qismi litosfera ahamiyati jiddi medihem. Dar qiyos bo qabathoi amiqi …

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RAVANDHOE, KI DAR LITOSFERA BA AMAL MEOYAND

zaminlarza

Ravandhoi dar litosfera ba amal meomada – Zaminlarza va sababhoi paydoishi onho. Ba mo malum ast, ki litosfera qishri zamin va qabati boloii mantiyaro darbar megirad. Qishri zamin hamesha dar holi harakat ast. In harakathoi bo ravandhoe, ki dar qari zamin ba amal meoyand, aloqamand ast. Harakati qishri zamin – …

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Geyzer chist?

geyzer

Geyzer – chashmai garm, ki zeri fishor doiman favvorahoi obi garm va bugro ba sathi zamin partob mekunad. Geyzerho yake az zuhuroti marhilai okhiri vulqonizm ba shumor rafta, dar mintaqauoi faoliyati muosiri vulqoni pahn gardidaand (rasm. 41, 42). Geyzerho dar navohii muosir yo nachandon peshi vulqonizm vomekhurand. Dar yak otashfishoni …

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Ba Koreya cap darvardani mamlakathoi imperialist

korea

Dar nimai duyumi asri XIX dar Koreya buhroni siyosi boz ham tezu tundtar meshavad. On ba zamoni ogozi ba Koreya cap darovardani mamlakathoi buzurgi sarmoyadori rost omad. Agar to miyonahoi in asr ba Koreya beshtar mamlakathoi Evropa cap darovardani meshudand, pas dar nimai duyumi on ba qatori in davlatho Jopon, …

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Ba mustamlikai Jopon tabdil yoftani Koreya

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22 avgusti soli 1910 namoyandai kulli Jopon Terauti va rohbari hukumati lukhtakmonandi Koreya Li Vanyon shartnomae tayyor kardand, ki muvofiqi on imperatori Koreya az hokimiyati khud dast kashida, onro “purrayu abadi” ba imperatori Jopon mesuporad. SHartnomai mazkur ba azoi khonadoni imperator va hamai onhoe, ki ba Koreyaro ishgol kardani Jopon …

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Balandshavii mavqei Jopon dar Koreya

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Dar niman duyumi solhoi 90-um va ibtidoi asri XX ham raqobati bayni mamoliki imperialisti baroi ba khud tobe kardani Koreya idoma yoft. Ba Jonon Koreyaro ba zeri itoati khud darovardan mamlakathoi imperialistii Evropa, az on jumla Rusiya, Faronsa va Germaniya khalal merasonidand. Onho az Jopon talab kardand, ki nimjazirai Lyaodunro …

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Harakathoi inqilobi dar CHin

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Dar barobari harakati islohotkhohi dar CHin harakati inqilobi-demokrati niz ogoz meyobad. In harakat bo nomi inqilobchii demokrati buzurgi CHin Sun YAtsen aloqamand ast. U 12 noyabri soli 1866 dar dehkadae voqe dar nazdikii Guanchjou dar oilai kishovarz tavaldud yoftaast. Sun YAtsen solhoi 1879-1883 bo hamrohii barodarash dar shahri Gonolului jazirahoi …

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Inqilobi Sinkhay dar CHin

Xinhai-Revolution

9 mayi soli 1911 darbori Tein dar borai sokhtmoni rohhoi ohani nav farmon barovard. Badi yakchand ruz-20 mayi soli 1911 bayni hukumati CHin va konsorsiumi baynalkhalqi, ki ba on bankhoi Angliya, Faronsa, Germaniya va IMA dokhil budand, baroi sokhtani rohi ohani Hankou – Guanchjou va Hankou – Sichuan ba mablagi …

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