There are about 35 coal deposits in Tajikistan, with cumulative geological reserves estimated at 4 billion tons. The government is especially eager to develop this sector in the hope of alleviating their chronic energy crisis. The largest deposit is Fon-Yaghnob (between Khujand and Dushanbe), a reserve of approximately 800 million tons. The launch of an open pit mine will create opportunities in production of chemical products such as benzene, ammonium sulfate, and naphthalene.
An interesting opportunity exists in the Nazarayloksk deposit in the Gharm zone, located at 3000m above sea level. Geological reserves here are estimated at approximately 210 million tons, while forecast reserves are estimated at 500 million tons.
Other deposits include Miyonadu, Ziddi, Sayat, Chashmai Sang, Tashkurgan, Shurobod, Kshtut-Zauran, Shishkat, and Magian. The climactic conditions (high altitude) and complex geological settings of these deposits make mining opportunities challenging, but not insurmountable.